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OWNERS/DEALERS MANUAL 25 GPM
25 GPM UNIT - UP TO 16 ZONES
DUPLEX
Patent No. 5,200,065

MANUFACTURED BY:
AMERICAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY INC.
5517 WELLINGTON ROAD, GAINESVILLE, VA. 20155
1-800-345-3132

Copyright 2000

Table of Contents
American Manufacturing Limited Warranty
Introduction
Safety Precautions and Warnings
Overview of the American Drip System
Owner's Responsibility
System Parameters of the American Drip System
Data Sheets/Startup Log
Dealer Responsibility
Pump Chamber and Hydraulic Unit Requirements
Hydraulic Unit Installation Steps
Installation Procedure Summary
Materials Specifications
Startup Procedure
Operational Checklist

AMERICAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC.
LIMITED WARRANTY

5517 WELLINGTON ROAD, GAINESVILLE, VA. 20155
1-800-345-3132        Fax: 1-703-754-0058
e-mail: sales@americanonsite.com        web: www.americanonsite.com

For one year (12 months) after the date of purchase, American Manufacturing Company, Inc. will repair or replace any product or portion thereof which proves to be defective due to materials or workmanship of American Manufacturing. We reserve the right to repair or replace defective materials at our discretion.

This warranty does not cover the following conditions:

  1. Defects or problems caused by improper installation or maintenance of materials.
  2. Abuse, neglect or accidental damage of products.
  3. normal maintenance or upkeep of products.
  4. Lightning, war, floods, or other acts beyond our control.
  5. Misapplication of our products for their designed purpose, or misapplication according to local, state or national codes when in effect.

Defective or warranty materials must be returned to us or a place designated by American Manufacturing. All returns must be accompanied by a return authorization number supplied by American Manufacturing.

American Manufacturing will in no way be responsible for any losses or damages incurred by failure of equipment, parts or service. NOTE: Some states do not allow exclusion of damages so this may not apply to you. There are no other warranties written or implied.

LETTER OF AGREEMENT FOR MONITORING

The System controller monitors the liquid level in the pump tank. In the event of a high level alarm or peak dose enable condition, an alarm will sound.

The owner understands that as a condition of the warranty, the Manufacturer will monitor the system during the warranty period for flow, peak dose enable conditions, high level alarm conditions, and other mechanical functions which result in a high level alarm.

The Owner shall provide American or its dealer/representative with such access to the property and system as is reasonably necessary for American to comply with the terms of this Agreement. As soon as an alarm condition occurs, the owner shall notify the installer which condition occurred, the nature of the condition, and where the system is located. The owner understands and will hold the installer and manufacturer harmless for alarm conditions and other events beyond their control. Please reference the American Manufacturing Company, Inc. warranty policy. American Manufacturing Company, Inc. shall not be responsible for damages caused by any type of system failure or for soil suitability, damage due to construction, use, acts of God, or other events.

Note: In the event of a power, pump, or other mechanical failure, the system should be designed to provide at least an additional 1/4 day of storage capacity.

Introduction

    Congratulations! You are now the owner of a state of the art wastewater treatment and recycling system by American Manufacturing Company, Inc. We have been in business for over 20 years and are considered one of the leaders in the On-Site Wastewater industry. With a staff having over 100 years collective experience in providing solutions to new sites and sites in need of repair, we are able to deliver an ecological, economical, easy to install and off-the-shelf AMERICAN DRIP SYSTEM to owners like you.
    When and How to use manual
    This owner's manual should be read cover to cover initially, and then as needed to answer any questions or assist the owner in fulfilling their maintenance and inspection responsibilities.
    When and Where to call for assistance or get additional information
    If at any time you have a question about the AMERICAN DRIP SYSTEM or observe any alarm or unusual condition, you should call your qualified service representative or installing contractor as soon as possible. The owner should record in the back of this manual, the contact name and telephone number of the qualified service representative and installing contractor. If further assistance is needed, call American Manufacturing Company, Inc. at 800-345-3132, or visit us at www. americanonsite.com.
    Overview of Manual
    The manual is organized to cover safety precautions and warnings, an overview of the AMERICAN DRIP SYSTEM components, and the owner's responsibility. A startup log and limited warranty are in the back of this manual.
    Safety Precautions and Warnings
    The owner or operator of the AMERICAN DRIP SYSTEM should take precautions consistent with operators working with sewage and electricity when working with, or around any of the system components.
    Electrical Hazards
    The AMERICAN DRIP SYSTEM incorporates pump(s), float switches, relays and many electrical components that use 230 volts, 120 volts or 24 volts AC. Improper use of equipment can cause an electrical shock and may lead to serious injury or death.
    Sewage Hazards
    Proper attention should be given to cleanup when working in and around the septic and pump tanks and wastewater handling equipment to insure that disease causing bacteria are not transmitted to persons or contact surfaces. The septic and pump tanks can allow for a toxic buildup of poisonous gasses that can lead to serious injury or death if inhaled.
    Heavy Lifting Hazards
    The owner and/or operator should exercise proper caution when lifting heavy system components, such as pump tank lids. Improper lifting of heavy components can lead to loss of limb and/or mobility.
    Overview of the American DRIP SYSTEM
    The AMERICAN DRIP SYSTEM is a unique fluid handling system for dispersal of septic effluent wastewater in soil systems. The system incorporates filtration, time and level controlled application, and ultra low rate drip distribution. In conditions where aerobic dispersal, such as "Low Pressure Distribution", of septic effluent is required or where land application with the use of conventional soil absorption fields are not acceptable, this system offers a unique method for subsurface distribution of the waste water effluent.
    The AMERICAN DRIP SYSTEM will accommodate virtually any type of pretreatment process, whether septic tank (anaerobic), aerobic, lagoon, or any type of treatment facility. Only primary treatment (the removal of large settleable solids) of sewage is necessary for the operation of the system. Local soil and site conditions may require additional treatment for excessive organics, oil and grease or other contaminants.
    Since the installation of the field distribution lines causes very little soil disturbance and effluent discharge volume from each emitter hole is insignificant, the installation of the system has very little site impact even in established lawns or park areas. After installation there are virtually no visible indications that the installation site is being used for disposal purposes. This system is especially suited for landscaped or wooded areas near buildings, trailer parks, apartment complexes or residential subdivisions.
    The AMERICAN DRIP SYSTEM is operated via a "state of the art" controller which is activated by level sensing devices (standard mechanical differential float switch) located in a dosing tank downstream from the pretreatment process or processes (typically a septic tank). When activated by the rising level of effluent in the dosing tank, the controller will enable the disposal cycle, and as dictated by the time clock, pump the effluent through a 115 micron disc filter and then to final drip dispersal.
    The pump control panel is equipped with four float switches to control the timed doses to be discharged. The four float switches, "Redundant Off", "Standard Dose Enable", Peak Dose Enable", and "High Level" function as follows:
  • Redundant Off - The water level must be high enough to overcome the "Redundant Off" (first & bottom) float in order for the pump to be permitted to run.
  • Standard Dose Enable - When the water level rises high enough to overcome the "Standard Dose Enable" (second) float and the time clock has timed out the preset time delay (rest between dosing cycles for two zone designs) the pump will activate and the lead zone is dosed. The pump will continue to run for the length of time as adjusted on the pump run timer and then shut off. The pump will remain off until the internal time clock again times out the preset time delay after which the pump will activate (as long as the "Standard Dose Enable" float is still up) and will run until the pump run timer finishes timing out. This process will repeat until the water level drops below the "Standard Dose Enable" float and the pump run timer has timed out.
  • Peak Dose Enable - The control system will be equipped with a "Peak Dose Enable" circuit to manage peak flows and excess water use. If the rising water level activates the "Peak Dose Enable" (third) float, the "Pump - Off - Pump & Alarm" switch is set to "Pump", and the preset time delay has been exceeded ("Peak Dose Enable" rest between cycles), the lead zone will be dosed. When the "Peak Dose Enable" circuit has been deactivated the normal pumping cycle will resume. If the rising water level activates the "Peak Dose Enable" (third) float, the "Pump - Off - Pump & Alarm" switch is set to "Pump & Alarm", and the preset time delay has been exceed ("Peak Dose Enable" rest between cycles), the lead zone will be dosed and the "Peak Dose Enable" alarm will be activated. The audio portion of the alarm may be silenced by pressing the Test-Normal-Silence switch to the silence position. When the "Peak Dose Enable" float has returned to the down position the alarm will be deactivated and the normal pumping cycle will resume.
  • High Level - If the water level rises enough to overcome the "High Level" (fourth) float, the audio/visual alarm will activate. The audio portion of the alarm may be silenced by pressing the Test-Normal-Silence switch (located on the outside of the control panel) to the silence position. The alarm circuit will latch until manually reset after the "High Level" float returns to its normal (down) position. The alarm circuit is manually reset by switching the High Level Reset/Off-Normal switch (located inside the control panel on the inner door) to the Reset position then back to normal.

Drip Tubing

The drip field supply line conveys the effluent to the drip absorption zone that is being dosed where it is discharged below the soil surface through a patented chemical-resisting pressure compensating self cleaning "drip" poly-tubing emitter. The emitters or "drippers" are located every two feet in the tubing and emit 0.65 gallons per hour per emitter. The dripper lines are automatically scoured (forward flushed) every 50 dosing cycles. This function is activated by the controller which opens the field flush valve, thus allowing the flushed effluent to be returned to the pretreatment tank. The duration of this cycle is approximately three minutes. The flushing cycle produces a high velocity cleansing/scouring action by the effluent along the inside walls of the dripper tubing, P.V.C. manifolds and emitters.

The construction of the "RAM" drip tubing is unique in that the internal diaphragm and labyrinth provide for an exact amount of effluent to be discharged from each of its emitters which are spaced at two foot intervals along the entire length of the RAM drip tubing. Each emitter maintains a constant flow over pressure ranges of 7 up to 70 psi. Because the effluent is distributed at an ultra low rate, large quantities of effluent may be economically distributed over large areas during controlled periods of time without saturating the surrounding soil.

Air Release Valves

The drip field return line conveys the effluent from the drip absorption zone ( used to "flush" or clean the tubing ) back to the pretreatment device. Each zone will have an air release valve housed in a small valve box at the highest point of the return manifold pipe in each zone. The valve will close when the water pressure arrives at the valve during each dose. The air release valve allows air to reenter the tubing after each dose to allow the tubing to drain. This also prevents the uphill tubing from draining water into the downhill tubing and overloading downhill tubing.

In the event of damage to the air release valve, effluent may leak from the system. This condition should be fixed immediately by replacing damaged parts. Air release valves should not be covered with soil or other material and should always be accessible to the service personnel.

Owner's Responsibility

Preventative Maintenance

The drip field area should receive only the most passive type yard uses. No use is recommended when conditions are wet. Under no conditions are any autos or heavy machinery to be allowed on the site.

In order to prevent erosion, the site should be established and maintained as a healthy lawn, or if wooded, mulched and stabilized. Erosion of the site and the adjacent areas should be controlled and eliminated. Surface waters should be diverted away from all components.

Scheduled Inspections

Within a month of operation the owner should contact the installer to have the system inspected for proper startup. After three months of operation the drip field should be walked and the system inspected. Symptoms to look for on the field walk inspection are patches of wetness. If symptoms are identified, notify your service provider immediately. The drip field should be walked & inspected at least annually.

The septic tank and pump chambers should be inspected at least once a year by a trained professional service provider, your American Dealer. The septic tank should be pumped when the sludge level reaches 25% or approximately 12 inches, or when the scum layer on top is excessive. The flow meter reading in the hydraulic unit should be recorded with the date on a quarterly basis.

Alarms - Notifying Service Provider of alarm events

The system controller is equipped with an audio/visual alarm to alarm high water level conditions. The high level alarm may be silenced by pressing the "silence" button on the side of the control. Since a high water level condition can be caused by pump failure, excessive infiltration, or an unusually large peak water use, the owner should call the service provider to determine the cause of the alarm prior to requesting service.

If at any time there are any indications of failure, such as the flow meter not moving during a dose or wetness in the area of the drip field, notify your service provider immediately.

Monitor & Regulate waste input to septic tanks

Since all processes in this sewage disposal system use biological activity to treat the wastewater, only typical biodegradable household wastes are to be disposed of in drains leading to the septic tank. Never dispose of pesticides, oil or grease based products, or non-fecal solids (especially feminine hygiene products) into the system. Minimize disposal of high strength over-the-counter type products such as bleach, and don't use colored toilet tissue.

  • Controller

The "state of the art" controller is enclosed in an outdoor electrical control box located near and connected to the hydraulic unit. The control panel uses 230 volt, 1 phase power (unless otherwise noted) and 120V and 24V AC inputs and relay outputs for automatic operation of the AMERICAN SEPTIC DRIP. When in the "Hand" or "Off" position, the manual switches (Hand-Off-Auto) on the door of the control panel completely bypass the microprocessor. The "Hand" position will allow manual operation of the entire system in the event of a microprocessor failure.
NOTE: THE OWNER ASSUMES FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONDITIONS OR MALFUNCTIONS DUE TO MANUAL OPERATION OF THE SYSTEM BY ANYONE OTHER THAN A QUALIFIED SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE. LEAVING THE PUMP CONTROL IN THE "HAND" POSITION WILL FORCE THE PUMP TO RUN CONTINUOUSLY AND MAY RESULT IN PUMP FAILURE.

Hydraulic Unit

The submersible pump delivers unfiltered effluent to each filter. The filter backflushing schedule is triggered at the beginning of each dose cycle. One filter valve closes, thus blocking the flow of unfiltered effluent to that filter. After a short delay, the other flushing valves open, thereby backflushing the unused filter. The accumulated impurities discharge back into the pretreatment unit. The closing and opening procedure of the filter and back flush valves causes a change of flow within the unit to provide filtered water from two filters to backflush the other filter. The backflush procedure lasts approximately fifteen seconds then the back flushing valve closes. Only after the one filter has completed its backflushing cycle, will the next filter begin its cycle of backflushing in the same manner as the previous filter. Effluent will then be pumped through clean disc filters, then through the flow meter and finally through the outlet manifold to the drip field supply line. During extended dose times the disc filters are re-backwashed to assure optimum operation.

System Parameters of AMERICAN SEPTIC DRIP

Duplex System w/ 8 Zones, 3 Disc Filters & Remote Monitoring
a.System Fail indicated by high level alarm or unusual wetness in the field.
b.Standard Rest time between doses = set to 3 to 4 doses per day per zone.
c.Peak Rest time between doses = set to 6 to 6.67 doses per day per zone.
d.High level alarm counter (OPTIONAL-record periodically to monitor activity).
e.Peak enable counter (OPTIONAL-record periodically to monitor activity).
f.Dedicated modem hookup for Remote Monitoring Package.
g.Flow meter in hydraulic unit (record periodically to monitor activity).
h.To remove pump or zone from service place its control switch to "off".
 
Duplex System w/ 16 Zones, 3 Disc Filters & Remote Monitoring
a.System Fail indicated by high level alarm or unusual wetness in the field.
b.Standard Rest time between doses = set to 2 to 3 doses per day per zone.
c.Peak Rest time between doses = set to 3.3 to 5 doses per day per zone.
d.High level alarm counter (OPTIONAL-record periodically to monitor activity).
e.Peak enable counter (OPTIONAL-record periodically to monitor activity ).
f.Dedicated modem hookup for Remote Monitoring Package.
g.Flow meter in hydraulic unit ( record periodically to monitor activity).
h.To remove pump or zone from service place its control switch to "off".
 
The 16 zone controller has available hook-ups for additional pretreatment options (i.e. floats, blowers, pumps, etc.)
8 ZONE DRIP CONTROLLER W/ REMOTE MONITORING
  • To Silence Alarm
On outside of control push "Test-Off-Silence" switch to "Silence" and release.
  • To Reset Alarm
After alarm float goes down, on inner door place "Reset/Off - Normal" switch to "Reset/Off" position then back to "Normal"
  • Manual Operation
Place "H-O-A" (hand-off-auto) switch to "Hand". This position is like an "on switch" and should operate the individual component regardless of other conditions.

8 ZONE CONTROLLER

16 ZONE DRIP CONTROLLER W/ REMOTE MONITORING
  • To Silence Alarm
On outside of control push "Test-Off-Silence" switch to "Silence" and release.
  • To Reset Alarm
After alarm float goes down, on inner door place "Reset/Off - Normal" switch to "Reset/Off" position then back to "Normal"
  • Manual Operation
Place "H-O-A" (hand-off-auto) switch to "Hand". This position is like an "on switch" and should operate the individual component regardless of other conditions.

16 ZONE CONTROLLER

DRIP SYSTEM CALCULATION SHEET 1 0F 3

DRIP SYSTEM CALCULATION SHEET 2 0F 3

DRIP SYSTEM CALCULATION SHEET 3 0F 3

DEALER RESPONSIBILITY

PURPOSE: The purpose of this section is to outline the responsibilities of the Dealer regarding the installation, monitoring, maintenance and warranty of the drip dispersal system as part of an on-site sewage treatment system.

INSTALLERS SCHEDULE OF DUTIES
1.

The Dealer shall be responsible for the entire installation and shall only sell and install systems according to approved plans and permits.
2.

The Dealer shall be responsible for insuring proper electrical installation and startup including recording startup date and initial meter readings.
3.
The Dealer will meet standards for operation and maintenance per the jurisdictional health department.
4.

The Dealer shall assure that all employees who work on the American Drip System are trained, understand and can perform operation and maintenance per the Drip System manufacturer manuals.
5.

The dealer is responsible for informing the owner within the first month of operation of the type of system installed and the owners responsibilities.
6.The dealer is responsible for the first annual inspection after the 3rd month of operation.
7.The dealer is responsible for one visit after first year of operation. The visit to include the following;
     Sludge Judge the septic tank blanket
     Inspect the drip system hardware for operation
     Inspect system with operational checklist
     Check landscaping for interference with system
     Check water usage and evaluate usage compared to design
The inspection frequency should be set based on the first year's evaluation. Future inspections should be at a minimum once per year. If high strength waste is suspect, take sample for BOD,SS,and FOG.
8.

Removal, replacement or alteration to this system must be in compliance with all applicable current county health department requirements, governing sewage treatment regulations and the manufacturer.

OWNER'S RESPONSIBILITIES

  1. Acknowledge receipt and will comply with instructions of the owner's manual provided. Reference owner's responsibilities in manual.
  2. Notifying the Dealer or the designated agent immediately of any problems with the sewage treatment system.
  3. Keeping the monitoring / access covers free of obstructions at all times.
  4. Granting Installer / Operator and health department personnel access to the owner's property to service or inspect the sewage treatment system at any time during warranty period.
  5. If system fails, owner will notify operator, manufacturer, and local health department.
  6. Pumping the septic tank or other costs associated with the treatment system is not covered under any warranty. Pumping is required from time to time (freququency varies by jurisdiction) just like in conventional systems due to the production of solids during the treatment process.
  7. Failure to make any payments when due shall be considered a breach of warranty and the operator may terminate warranty work without notice.

PUMP CHAMBER AND HYDRAULIC UNIT REQUIREMENTS

The hydraulic unit (HU) must be close to the pump chamber as shown. The limiting factor is the backflushing sequence for the disc filters. The (HU) must be within 30 feet horizontal and 8 feet vertical distance for the pump to have enough TDH to complete backflushing.

The return line to the septic tank must have gravity flow back to the septic tank. The 1-1/2" line must have a 2% slope to drain back or a check valve should be place at the (HU) to prevent backpressure on the backflush valves. If longer distances are used the line size should be increased to 2".

The pump should be placed level on the floor of the pump chamber or on a solid 6" block. The pump discharge pipe must have NO WEEP HOLE . The pump is to be hard wired into a junction box.

STEP 1STEP 2
Step 1Step 2
Step 3Step 4
STEP 3STEP 4

HYDRAULIC UNIT INSTALLATION STEPS

  1. Install pump and floats as shown. The pump must NOT be installed with a weep hole due to the high pressure. Pump must be "hard wired" to maintain warranty. A disconnect should be provided next to a suitable outdoor rated junction box.
  2. Dig a side trench to set the hydraulic unit. The area must be free from groundwater or rainwater infiltration. If below original grade more than 4" the unit enclosure must have a positive drain. Center the unit on a gravel bed with the pipes slightly over the edge. Connect the supply and return piping. Install the control panel on a 4"x4" (minimum) pressure treated post with at least 3 feet of clearance from the bottom of the control panel to the ground.
  3. The electrician shall provide three sources of power to the control panel per the schematic enclosed in the control enclosure. The control wire shall be run through conduit to the control with no splices and connected to the terminal strip provided. Connect the heater, floats and pump(s) to the control panel.
  4. Install the insulated enclosure and backfill the area making sure not to damage any piping or electrical components. Provide positive drainage from around the central unit to insure no excessive rainwater will enter and rainwater which does enter will drain out. Provide a minimum of 4" of backfill above the bottom edge of the enclosure to help enclosure heater maintain temperatures above freezing. Additional mounding is preferred for freeze protection and aesthetics.
INSTALLATION PROCEDUR SUMMARY
  1. Prepare field location for installation.
  2. Set septic and pump tanks.
  3. Dig header ditch for field manifold.
  4. Install dripper tubing.
  5. Install loops (flex tubing).
  6. Dig ditches for conveyance lines.
  7. Place Central Unit and mount control panel.
  8. Dry fit pressure lines and field manifolds.
  9. Set switch tree in pump tank.
  10. Glue all fittings and place valve boxes.
  11. Install electrical (and phone line if applicable).
  12. Check power supply and power up unit.
  13. Provide one day volume of clean water for startup.
  14. Pressure check all fittings and lines.
  15. Inspection of field and loops.
  16. Flush all fields through the air release valves.
  17. Set run time for Central Unit.
  18. Check setup values against calculated values.
  19. Find leaks and repair.
  20. Backfill once lines and fields are determined to have no leaks. Back filling is to be controlled to prevent the damaging of pipes or fittings.
  21. Grade and seed site.

Specifications

DISC FILTERS - Disc Filters shall be an oblique filter, entirely of plastic, with two 3/4" male end connections to NPT schedule 40 pressure PVC. The filter elements shall consist of grooved rings, mounted on a spine, forming a cylindrical filter body. The rings are to be kept together by a spring seated at the bottom of the filter cover. The out-in filter shall be of the screw in type with nitrilic rubber o-ring seal. The body materials shall be polyester, the spine and rings shall be polypropylene, and the spring shall be stainless steel. The nominal filtration capacity of the filter shall be 115 microns.

DRIPPER TUBING - The dripper tubing shall be Netafim Bioline pressure compensating dripperline for wastewater. The tubing shall be nominal 0.61 gallons per hour (+/- 5% flow rate from 7 to 60 psi). The tubing shall function as a turbulent flow emitter between 0 and 7 psi, ensuring that the nominal design flow is not exceeded at system start-up. The tubing shall be polyethylene 120 psi rating. Tubing end connections and splice connections shall be manufactured specifically for the tubing and for connection to standard schedule 40 NPT adapters. The drip tubing manufacturer shall provide a head loss chart for various drip tubing lateral lengths to provide for a minimum scouring velocity (2 ft/sec) at the distal end of the drip tubing lateral.

AUTOMATIC CONTROL VALVES - The automatic control valves shall be solenoid activated diaphragm valves by Bermad. The body and cover shall be reinforced nylon. The metal parts shall be stainless steel, the diaphragm shall be nylon-fabric reinforced polyisoprene. The seals shall be Buna-N. These valves shall operate electrically using hydraulic pressure to open and to close.

MASTER VALVE - The automatic master control valves shall be 1.5" diameter solenoid activated diaphragm valve by Dorot. The body and cover shall be reinforced nylon. The metal parts shall be stainless steel, the diaphragm shall be nylon-fabric reinforced polyisoprene. These valves shall operate electrically using hydraulic pressure to open and to close.

RETURN PRESSURE ASSEMBLY FOR ZONE RETURN CONTROL VALVE - The automatic zone return valve shall, in the event the drip zones are over 10 feet in vertical elevation above the hydraulic unit, have installed a "return pressure assembly". The assembly is to be used to prevent the line from draining after or during each dose. See standard detail.

GRAVITY PIPING - All gravity piping shall be schedule 40 PVC DWV as a minimum. Fittings shall be Schedule 40 PVC suitable for underground installation. All joints shall be solvent welded with the use of primer and PVC Glue.

NON-DRIPPER LINE PRESSURE PIPING - All non-dripper line pressure piping shall be PVC schedule 40 pressure rated. Rigid piping shall be standard ASTM 1120 for use with solvent welded Schedule 40 fittings. Flex piping shall be schedule 40 PVC flex pipe for use with pressure fittings.

FLOAT SWITCHES - Float switches for level indication and control shall be encapsulated mechanical differential microswitches. The switches shall be Square D, American Electronic Components, or equal.

GENERAL VALVES - All gate, ball, globe and check valves shall be Schedule 40. Check valves shall be of the swing check design of metallic bronze with corrosion resistant metal hinge pin for use in wastewater.

FLOW METER - Flow meter shall be dial-type multi-jet 5/8" to 2" meter with total enclosure and an electrical output register. The meter shall be bronze with externally threaded ends with bronze threaded union end connectors. The meter shall provide contact closure corresponding to defined volume increments. Maximum switch current 500mA and maximum switching voltage 32 volts (AC or DC) for output register.

DISCONNECTS - Piping disconnects shall be PVC schedule 80 unions.

AIR RELEASE VALVES - Air release valves shall be resilient seat "pop-up" type air release valves for use with filtered effluent (nominal filtration size of 115 microns.)

WIRE SPLICES - Field wire splices shall be installed in suitable wire splice pull boxes with waterproof connections for access to splice connections. The boxes shall have structural capacity for in ground installation and light vehicle yard care traffic.

SPECIAL DRIP EQUIPMENT - All non-specified drip equipment shall be as supplied by American Manufacturing Company, Inc. including the controls, drip hydraulic unit, pumps, and specialty fittings.

HEATER - The hydraulic unit shall be equipped with a thermostatically controlled heater. The heater shall be 225 watt & 120 volt.

HYDRAULIC UNIT ENCLOSURE - The enclosure shall be made of fiberglass with latching cover.

ENCLOSURE INSULATION - Insulation shall be made with two layers of aluminum separated by 5/16 inch dead air space with a minimum R-value of 8.3.

TOP FEED MANIFOLDS - Top feed supply and return manifolds shall be specified on sites with drainfield slopes greater than 10%. Manifolds shall be made with pressure rated schedule 40 PVC.

ZONE RESTING OPTION - The system controller shall allow for a zone to be rested or taken out of service. The controller shall have the capability to bypass a zone that has been taken out of service and dose the next available zone.

PIPE BEDDING - In ground piping shall be installed according to local codes. Piping shall be installed on original soil or suitably compacted fill or gravel bedded excavations on original soil. Free standing piping shall be schedule 40 PVC and assembled with restrained joints.

HYDRAULIC UNIT - Drip hydraulic unit by American Manufacturing must be mounted on an aluminum skid with an insulated enclosure with a removable lid for maintenance and monitoring purposes.

OPTIONAL - RETURN PRESSURE ASSEMBLY FOR ZONE RETURN CONTROL VALVE

In the event the drip zones are over 10 feet in vertical elevation above the hydraulic unit, install a "return pressure assembly". The assembly is to be used to prevent the return line from draining after or during each dose. Remove the zone return connection and reinstall a short 1" nipple in the return valve. Install assembly as shown to the right. The hydraulic tubing providing pressure for the rest of the unit must be plugged and the new tubing from the assembly connected to the pressure side of the solenoid.

STANDARD DETAILS

    REMOTE ZONE VALVE
    The remote zone valves are typically used on larger systems with more than four zones or when the zones are below the elevation of the pump chamber. On slopes greater than 5% a bentonite clay plug should be installed three feet up contour from the valve box to prevent effluent from piping down the manifold and filling the valve box.

STANDARD DETAILS

    OPTIONAL - RETURN PRESSURE ASSEMBLY FOR ZONE RETURN CONTROL VALVE
    In the event the drip zones are over 10 feet in vertical elevation above the hydraulic unit, install a "return pressure assembly". The assembly is to be used to prevent the return line from draining after or during each dose. Remove the zone return connection and reinstall a short 1" nipple in the return valve. Install assembly as shown to the right. The hydraulic tubing providing pressure for the rest of the unit must be plugged and the new tubing from the assembly connected to the pressure side of the solenoid.







Startup Procedures - AMERICAN SEPTIC DRIP

This procedure outlines the startup procedures for the drip dispersal field tubing system. The process includes flushing dirt, pipe shavings and other possible constuction debris out of the tubing and checking dosing rates in a three step process. First, flush through air release valves, second flush through normal flushing process (while checking flow rate), and finally checking final dose flow rate.

I. System Flushing Air Release Valves Off

  1. Be sure pump chamber is full of clean water. Check lights on controller for float activation. The "Off" float and "Standard Enable" float should be in the up position before starting field flush. Continue to fill tank to "alarm" float. It should take one days flow of clean water to flush tubing.
  2. Place all toggle switches on the inner door in the off position.
  3. Remove air release valves, attach piece of 1/2" black flex PVC to 1/2" white PVC with dry coupling (do not glue) and place end to direct discharge away from excavation.
  4. Switch pump to "Hand" position. Pump should dead head with no flow meter movement.
  5. Place disc filter backwash to filter #1 position. Note blue valve opening. Backwash for 15 seconds,Place disc filter backwash switch to the "Auto" position.
  6. Place disc filter backwash to filter #2 position. Note blue valve opening. Backwash for 15 seconds, Place disc filter backwash switch to the "Auto" position.
  7. Place disc filter backwash to filter #3 position. Note blue valve opening. Backwash for 15 seconds, Place disc filter backwash switch to the "Auto" position.
  8. Turn zone #1 and "Zone Master" to "Hand" position to manual flush. After water starts discharging from flex PVC, flush for three (3) minutes or until no debris (dirt, PVC) is noted, whichever is greater.
  9. Repeat item "e", "f" & "g".
  10. Repeat "h" & "i" for each additional zone.
  11. Place all switches in the "off" position.
  12. Remove black PVC hose, dry, and glue coupling with air release valves.

II. Field Flush Flow Test

  1. Determine each zone flushing GPM by multiplying the number of lateral connections by 1.6 and adding to the dosing GPM ("a" below). Should not exceed 15 GPM for the two disc filter rack.
  2. Switch pump to "Hand" position. Pump should dead head with no flow meter movement.
  3. Place disc filter backwash to filter #1 position. Note blue valve opening. Backwash for 15 seconds,Place disc filter backwash switch to the "Auto" position.
  4. Place disc filter backwash to filter #2 position. Note blue valve opening. Backwash for 15 seconds, Place disc filter backwash switch to the "Auto" position.
  5. Place disc filter backwash to filter #3 position. Note blue valve opening. Backwash for 15 seconds, Place disc filter backwash switch to the "Auto" position.
  6. Turn switch for "Zone #1", "Zone Master" and the "Zone Return Valve" to hand position to manual flush. After water starts flowing through zone return valve flush for three (3) minutes, check flow rate and compare with design flushing flow rate.
  7. Place all switches in the "off" position.
  8. Repeat item "b", "c", "d" , "e" & "f" for each additional zone.
  9. After flushing the last zone leave the pump and zone valve on and close the zone return valve. After the flow rate stablizes comparefs to design, see next section.

III. Field Dose Flow Test

  1. Determine each design zone dosing Gallons Per Minute (GPM) by the following formula: (If installed as designed refer to calculation sheet.)
  2. Determine dosing flow rate in the last zone flush tested. The rate Should be close to value calculated in "a" above. Check for leaks and repair as necessary.
  3. With all toggle switches in the "off" position, backwash disk filters as described above in II. "b", "c", & "d".
  4. Switch next Zone and "Zone Master" to "Hand" position and make sure Zone Return is in the "off" position, watch flow meter slow as system fills. When pressurized, measure flow rate with watch. The rate Should be close to value calculated in "a" above. Check for leaks and repair as necessary.
  5. Repeat for each additional zone.
  6. Place all switches in the "Auto" position.

IV. Zone Return Flow Test

  1. In some cases when the drip field is around 10' in elevation above the hydraulic unit or when it is significantly above the unit the valve will not close properly and continue to recycle wastewater back to the septic tank. If this condition occurs, follow the following steps.
  2. Remove the zone return connection and reinstall a short 1" nipple in the return valve.
  3. Place the "return pressure assembly" in the return line as per standard detail.

1. Operational Checklist - American Septic Drip

I. Field Conditions

  1. Walk the field to determine if wet spots are visible.

II. Control Lights and Manual Switch Positions

  1. Open the control panel and open the lid to the hydraulic unit.
  2. Make sure all manual switches are in the automatic position.
  3. Microprocessor on; power light and run light
  4. Microprocessor input; see owners manual table
  5. Microprocessor output; only when in operation

III. Pump Tank Liquid Level

  1. Check liquid level in pump tank to confirm switch operation. If a float is down its light should be off.

IV. Pump and Valve Operation

  1. Place pump "Hand-Off-Auto" switch in the "Hand" position to dead head pump against valves. The flow meter should not turn, and there should be no leaks.
  2. With the pump running, place each zone valve in the "Hand" (open) position one at a time to check operation. With the zone valve open, flow should register on the flow meter. When the zone valve closes (off position), the flow should stop.
  3. With the pump in the "Hand" position open the filter backwash valve for filter one (1) for 10 seconds then close. Repeat for filter two (2) position for 10 seconds. There should be no flow registering in the flow meter and you should hear the valves open and close. The valve diaphragm will rise then lower during backflush.
  4. Return all switches to the automatic position.

V. Extended Check - Zone Dose Rates

  1. Open the air release valve boxes and inspect. Make sure they close during dose (they should not leak water after air is evacuated).
  2. Determine how many zones are in operation and the installed flow rates from the installation records.
  3. With the pump and "Zone Master" in the "Hand" position, select the first zone by placing the zone valve switch in the "Hand" position. After pressurization time, check flow rate by reading the flow meter for a timed minute. Repeat for all zones. If flow varies by more than 10% from original flow rate, contact qualified operator.
  4. After the final zone is checked, place the "Zone Return" valve in the "Hand" position while the "zone valve" and "Master Valve" is still in the "Hand" position and verify that the flow rate increased to provide field flushing.
  5. Return all switches to the automatic position.
  6. Press reset button for 5 seconds and check zone dosing time.

Order Information

AMERICAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY INC.

5517 WELLINGTON ROAD, GAINESVILLE, VA. 20155
1-800-345-3132        Fax: 1-703-754-0058
e-mail: sales@americanonsite.com        web: www.americanonsite.com

US MAIL:     P.O. BOX 549
MANASSAS, VA. 20108-0549

FREIGHT TERMS

All materials shipped f.o.b Gainesville, Virginia, via UPS or common carrier. Please consult factory for freight allowances.

TERMS OF PAYMENT

With an approved credit account, terms are 2% 10 days, net 30 days from date of invoice. A 2% service charge will be applied to all past due invoices. Customer agrees to pay all reasonable collection fees incurred by American Manufacturing. All other orders will be shipped C.O.D. Deposits on some special orders may be required.

PRODUCT CHANGES

American reserves the right to change prices and modify or redesign any product without notice.

ERRORS AND CLAIMS

All shipping errors must be reported within 10 days. American Manufacturing will not be responsible for damages, shortages or delays caused by shipping delays. claims which are the responsibility of American will be expedited immediately, but are limited to credit on or replacement of merchandise involved.

AMERICAN MANUFACTURING LIMITED WARRANTY

For one year (12 months) after date of purchase, American Manufacturing will repair or replace any product or portion thereof which proves to be defective due to materials or workmanship of American Manufacturing. We reserve the right to repair or replace defective materials at our discretion.

This warranty does not cover the following conditions:

  1. Defects or problems caused by improper installation or maintenance of materials.
  2. Abuse, neglect or accidental damage of products.
  3. normal maintenance or upkeep of products.
  4. Lightning, war, floods, or other acts beyond our control.
  5. Misapplication of our products for their designed purpose, or misapplication according to local, state or national codes when in effect.
  6. American Manufacturing Company or its representatives are not responsible for labor for replacement of defective parts.

Defective or warranty items must be returned to American or a place designated by us. All returns must be accompanied by a return authorization number supplied by us.

Manufacturing will in no way be responsible for any losses or damages incurred by failure of equipment, parts or service. NOTE: Some states do not allow exclusion of damages so this may not apply to you.

There are no other warranties written or implied.


AMERICAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC.
Last revised: Jan-9-2006
Comments to: info@americanonsite.com
Copyright © American Manufacturing Company, Inc., 2000

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